August, 2017

In August 2017, five extended working meetings were held within the framework of the project“Development of Pilot Scheme for Monitoring Implementation of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions”in Tbilisi, Akhaltsikhe, Telavi, Kutaisi and Zugdidi.
On August 4th, an extended working meeting was held in Tbilisi with the representatives of regions and experts.

The agenda of the working meeting:

1. Analyzing materials found in the regions -MziaTamarashvili (Akhaltsikhe), LikaImerlishvili (Telavi), KetiBibileishvili (Kutaisi), NatiaBzhalava (Zugdidi).
2. Planning regional meetings – Nino Gunia-Kuznetsova, Nino Zhvania, MziaTamarashvili, LikaImerlishvili, KetiBibileishvili, NatiaBzhalava.
3. Discussing the results of cooperation with the Ministry, planning further steps –KakhaDaushvili, AnanoAsatiani, TamunaGurchiani, TamarJanashia.
4. Expert assessment of information obtained on gender issues –KetevanMargalitadze.
5. Discussion.

 
 

The organizer of the meetings in regions was the subcontractor organization “Network of Centers for Civic Engagement”.
Regional meetings on the topic “Development of Pilot Scheme for Monitoring Implementation of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions” was conducted in the following sequence:
 
 

On August 21 a meeting-discussion was held in Akhaltsikhe. Facilitator – Mzia Tamarashvili. (See Appendix)

Appendix: Akhaltsikhe, 21.08.2017
The working meeting: Development of Pilot Scheme for Monitoring Implementation of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions,was held at the AkhaltsikheCenter for Civic Engagementon August 21.
In the first part of the meeting, the facilitator, deputy coordinator of the Akhaltsikhe Center for Civic Engagement, Mzia Tamarashvili acquainted the participants with the purpose of the project, its objectives, performed and future activities, in kind of presentation. She presented to the audience the objectives and guidelines of the “Convention on the Protection and Promotion of Diversity of Cultural Expression” and the results of field work provided by the project – the data collected throughout Akhaltsikhe. During the meeting, the collected information was discussed.
Total 14 persons participated in the meeting, among them, the representatives of the City Hall Culture Department, Akhaltsikhe Castle-Museum Director and administration officers, the founder of photo-video salon “S&S”, the author of music encyclopedia books, representatives of Akhaltsikhe Central Library and active members of civil society.
The meeting lasted for 2 hours. It was interesting and interactive. A new additional information was revealed during the working meeting; after the meeting, the available materials entered the database.

 
 

On August 22 a meeting-discussion was held in Kutaisi. Facilitator- KetiBibileishvili (see Appendix)

Appendix: Kutaisi, 22.08.2017
The meeting “Development of Pilot Scheme for Monitoring Implementation of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions”, was organized by the Kutaisi Center for Civic Engagement and held on August 22.
Representatives of the Culture and Architecture Departments of the Kutaisi City Hall, cultural organizations and mass media participated in the meeting.
In the first part of the meeting, the facilitator, deputy coordinator of the Kutaisi Center for Civic Engagement, KetiBibileishvili acquainted the participants with the purpose of the project, its objectives, performed and future activities, in kind of presentation. She presented to the audience the objectives and guidelines of the “Convention on the Protection and Promotion of Diversity of Cultural Expression” and the results of field work provided by the project – the data collected throughout Kutaisi. During the meeting, the collected information was discussed and analyzed in detail. The working group members actively involved in the discussion. At the end of the meeting, the participants of the working group thanked all the parties involved in the project and expressed readiness for cooperation.

 
 

On August 24 a meeting-discussion was held in Telavi. Facilitator- Lika Imerlishvili (see Appendix)

Appendix: Telavi, 24.08.2017
The working meeting “Development of Pilot Scheme for Monitoring Implementation of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions”, was held at theTelaviCenter for Civic Engagementon August 24.
In the first part of the meeting, the facilitator, deputy coordinator of the TelaviCenter for Civic Engagement, LikaImerlishvili acquainted the participants with the purpose of the project, its objectives, performed and future activities, in kind of presentation. She presented to the audience the objectives and guidelines of the “Convention on the Protection and Promotion of Diversity of Cultural Expression” and the results of field work provided by the project – the data collected throughout Telavi. During the meeting, the collected information was discussed.
20 people took part in the meeting, among them the Head of the Culture Department of Telavi City Hall, representatives of the culture departments of LEPLs and NGOs and mass media and active members of the civil society.
The meeting was interactive and productive. A new additional information was revealed during the working meeting; it was added to the available study materials.

 
 

On August 24 a working meeting-discussion was held in Zugdidi. Facilitator- NatiaBzhalava (see Appendix)

Appendix: Zugdidi, 24.08.2017
The working meeting-presentation “Development of Pilot Scheme for Monitoring Implementation of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions”, was held at the ZugdidiCenter for Civic Engagementon August 24.
The meeting was attended by representatives of the Zugdidi Municipality City Hall, Council, Zugdidi Municipality Gamgeoba, cultural departmentsof Zugdidi Municipality Council, representatives of LEPL and NGOs, artists, citizens and media media.
In the first part of the meeting the facilitator, Deputy Coordinator of the Center for Civic Engagement, Natia Bzhalava acquainted the participants with the purpose of the project, its objectives, performed and future activities. She presented to the audience the objectives and guidelines of the “Convention on the Protection and Promotion of Diversity of Cultural Expression” and the results of field work provided by the project – the data collected throughout Zugdidi. The format of the meeting allowed the participants to review the content of the presentation and add the necessary information on site.
Representatives of local self-government, culture departments and artists actively involved in the discussion.
At the end of the meeting, the participants thanked the Network of Centers for Civic Engagement and partner organizations for organizing the meeting and expressed readiness to actively cooperate for the development of Zugdidi cultural life.

July, 2017

In July 2017, the research works were carried out as a part of the project“Development of Pilot Scheme for Monitoring Implementation of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions”
25.07.2017 –the working meeting was held at the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection
Topics of the meeting:
Problem of naming (the different types of terminology used in the documents describing the state activities (in the strategies of various agencies, action plans, budgets, statistical databases, etc.), absence of coding) is one of the hindering factors for creating a unified and hard database.
Ways to overcome the problem – before the official recognition and implementation of the UNESCO culture development indicators system and terminology, to achieve an agreement on the terms for the monitoring of the 2005 Paris Convention implementation between the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection and the Coalition “Diverse Georgia” (which will contribute to the creation of the basic unified data).
The representatives of the Culture and Monument Protection Ministry participated in the meeting:

Tamar Tsulukidze – the 2ndrank Head of the Secondary Structural Unit of the Strategic Planning and Monitoring Division of the International Relations Department/Head of Division
Shorena Tsitsagi – the 3rd rank senior specialist of the first categoryof the Strategic Planning and Monitoring Division of the International Relations Department
Elina Gedenidze – the 3rd rank senior specialist of the second category of the Strategic Planning and Monitoring Division of the Department of International Relations
Sophio Chantadze – the 2nd rank Deputy Head of the Primary Structural Unit of the Legal Department/Deputy Director of the Department
Mary Shaverdashvili – the 3rd rank senior specialist of the first category of the Consolidated Budget Formation and Financial Analysis Division of the Financial Resources Management Department
EleneToidze – the Head of Creative Industries Development Division of LEPL Creative Georgia
The representatives of the Coalition “Diverse Georgia” participated in the meeting:
Nino Gunia-Kuznetsova – Valerian Gunia Union of Young Theatre Artists
Kakha Daushvili – Association of Young Economists
Tamar Janashia – Culture and Management Laboratory

June, 2017

In June 2017, as part of the project “Development of Pilot Scheme for Monitoring Implementation of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions”, the list of statistical data to be found by the areas of the cultural industries was identified.
The Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection sent an official letter requesting the relevant statistical data.
Two in-depth interviews were held with the representatives of the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection of Georgia: namely, with the Deputy Minister Mr. LevanKharatishvili and Deputy Head of International Relations Department Mr. Vazha Shatberashvili.
The questions to be sent to various institutionswere prepared for the qualitative study. The information on various studies,the direct or indirect objective of which is culture was summarized.
The working meeting of the Tbilisi project group with the head of the subcontractor organization “Network of Centers for Civic Engagement”was held.At the meeting, the works to be carried out in the regions and the list of statistical data by areas were specified.
On June 26, an extended working meeting was held with representatives of the regions.
The agenda of the working meeting:
1. Introduction – the list of the materials collectedand actions carried out – Nino Gunia-Kuznetsova, Project Manager
2. Material collection process in regions – challenges and ways to overcome – Nino Zhvania, Head of the Network of Centers for Civic Engagement
3. Information about the materials collected in the regions at the current stage –the representatives of the Network of Centers for Civic Engagement: MziaTamarashvili (Akhaltsikhe), LikaImerlishvili (Telavi), KetiBibileishvili (Kutaisi), NatiaBzhalava (Zugdidi).
4. Information about the work carried out wasprovided by the working group members –KakhaDaushvili, Tamara Janashia, AnanoAsatiani, TamunaGurchiani.
5. On the statistical databasesavailableat the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection on the cultural institutions in the regions–Elina Gedenidze, the specialist of the Department of Culture Policy of the Ministry.
6. Discussion

May, 2017

Two home working meetings were held in May 2017, as a part of the project “Development of Pilot Scheme for Monitoring Implementation of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions”, which was funded within the framework of the UNESCO Participation Programme.
Topics of the working meetings:
• Pilot structure of the monitoring scheme for implementation of the Convention;
• Indicators of implementation of specific tasks relevant to the Articles of the Convention;
• Identification and search of the studied documents by topic:

1. Media Diversity and Self-Expression
o Use of Public Media (Objective 1.2.),
o Digital Environment (Objective 1.3.)

2. International Relations
o Agreements and Contracts (Objective 2.3.)
o International Sustainable Development Program for Strengthening Cultural and Creative Sectors (Objective 3.2.)
Representatives of the project working group and experts participated in the meeting. The interim model of the monitoring was discussed.

In May 2017, two topics ofthe main areas of the monitoring were started to develop–“International Relations”, “Media Diversity and Self-Expression”.
The following problems were identified:
• Protection of the diversity of culturalexpression in the media context;
• Access to the information on international agreements.
The problems of collection, identification and analysis of the cultural sphere data by the Department of State Statistics of Georgia, the problems of introduction of UNESCO indicators system were discussed.

Tbilisi, April 2017

Newsletter N2
April, 2017
In early 2017, Valerian Gunia Union of Young Theatre Artists (YTA Union) began the implementation of the project entitled “Development of Pilot Scheme for Monitoring the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions” which was funded within the framework of the UNESCO Participation Programme.
The aforementioned Convention which was signed in Paris in 2005 and which was joined by Georgia in 2008, is the main international document on the protection of the diversity of cultural expressions. Every four years, parties to the Convention prepare a report on the fulfilment of the undertaken obligations. The goal of YTA Union’s project is to start the work on the creation of the Paris Convention implementation monitoring scheme.
After preparatory work, in April 2017, two working meetings were held within the framework of the project.
The working meeting topics were:
•    Results of the comparative analysis of the UNESCO methodological documents and the 2016 Georgian National Report conducted by the project team;
•    Baseline indicators and indicators of implementation of specific tasks corresponding to the articles of the Convention;
•    Identifying and locating the documents to be studied in accordance with the topics (“Cultural Policy” (Goal 1.1); “Gender Equality” (Goal 4.1)).
Representatives of the project working team participated in the meeting.
Three models of monitoring were discussed:
1.    Based on the structure of the Convention and the principle of selecting specific articles;
2.    Based on UNESCO documents “RE | SHAPING CULTURAL POLICIES – A Decade Promoting the Diversity of Cultural Expressions for Diversity”, 2005 Convention, Global Report 2015.
3.    Based on the merged version of the aforementioned models.

In April 2017, two topics of the main spheres of monitoring were processed: “Cultural Policy” (Goal 1.1); “Gender Equality” (Goal 4.1).
The following problems have been identified: the absence of programmes protecting the diversity of cultural expressions in gender context; the problem of attribution of titles (correlation of titles and essence) in projects and events identified as gender-related when creating documents reflecting state activities; problem of access to information due to the confusion of terms, especially in the regions.
A discussion was held regarding the state programmes that are in place in Georgia, the implementation and planning of events as well as their monitoring. Remarks and recommendations were made.

Tbilisi, March 2017

Newsletter N1
March, 2017
The newsletter is sent to correspondents, friends, colleagues, project participants and beneficiaries of the Diversified Georgia

On  March2, 2017, the first working meeting within the Project of Development of “Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions” Implementation Monitoring Pilot Scheme was held in Tbilisi.
The working meetings topics:
•    Methodology – ranking primary documents (the Convention, UNESCO methodological documents, study Georgiandocuments)
•    Work Plan – Terms and interim reports
•    Job descriptions for the working group, as well as for participants from the regions
The meeting was attended by representatives of the Tbilisi and regional working groups, culture and art experts.
Project presentation was made by Nino Gunia-Kuznetsova.
The methodology of searching the information base for the Convention implementationmonitoring was discussed,  in particular, the issues of development of questionnaires, in-depth interviews and desk research.
The items on the agenda included the scope of coverageof the  research was as well as the government’s attitude and existing problems.
The discussion involved all the participants.

On March7, 2017,the  meeting of the Tbilisi working group was held.
Discussed:
•    Agreement with the methodology donor and the scheme of regular reporting to the donor;
•    A work scheduleof acquainting the group regional representatives with the methodology;
•    The principle of selection of study documents;
•    The design of the monitoring  final document.
Developed:
•    Internal work plan
•    References
•    The donor reporting dates
Comments and recommendationswere expressed, in particular, on the unequal access to the documents covering the governmental, non-governmental and private sector activities in terms of the protection of the diversity of cultural expressions, in Tbilisi and regions.
The  discussionwas held on the applicable state regulations, support programs, activitiesplanning and implementation as well as existing and possible forms of theirmonitoring.
As a result of the discussion,the most problematic – the media and gender issues of the Convention implementation,were identified. The civic awareness and activism/involvement gaps were also referred to.
The issue on the effectiveness of the interministerial cooperation was raised and the discussion on the ways of monitoring scheme development was discussed.

Memorandum of Understanding

Yta Unionbetween the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection of Georgia and non-governmental organizations which, in accordance with their mission and goals, are participants in the implementation of the Convention for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

The Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection of Georgia which ensures the elaboration and implementation of the state policy in the cultural sphere, of the one part, and the non-governmental organizations which, in accordance with their mission and goals, are participants in the implementation of the Convention for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, of the other part,
attributing special importance to the establishment and development of cooperation between the Ministry and the non-governmental organizations in the cultural sphere;
recognizing each party’s interest to promote the development of cooperation in the cultural sphere;
recognizing the principles of equality and mutual respect,
agree on the following:
The parties will cooperate to implement the goals of the Convention in the spheres of establishing close cooperation between the state and the civil sector, introducing and promoting the values of the Convention, developing the tools of implementation, monitoring and quality assurance;
In the course of the upcoming four years, the civil sector will encourage a cooperative approach and expert participation in defining cultural policy;
The Memorandum will remain in force for four years. Each party can unilaterally terminate its participation in the Memorandum by notifying other parties in writing 15 days prior to termination;
The Memorandum can be amended in any manner upon written agreement of the parties, the amendments shall come into effect upon signature;
The Memorandum shall come into effect upon signature;
The Memorandum has been negotiated and signed in Georgian.

The Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection of Georgia – Deputy Minister Levan Kharatishvili
Valerian Gunia Union of Young Theatre Artists (YTA Union) – Nino Gunia-Kuznetsova
Europe House Georgia – Maia Nikolaishvili
Culture and Management Lab – Tamar Janashia
Active for Culture – Giorgi Spanderashvili
Cinema Art Center “Prometheus” – Gaga Chkheidze
ICOM Georgia National Committee – Inga Karaia
Georgian Arts & Culture Centre – Maka Dvalishvili
Institute of Reading Development – Mamuka Khantadze
Mercury Association (Samegrelo Gender Network) – Nana Todua
Telavi Center for Civic Engagement, East-West Management Institute
Civil Society Development and Civic Engagement Project – Maia Purtskhvanidze
Akhaltsikhe Center for Civic Engagement, East-West Management Institute
Civil Society Development and Civic Engagement Project – Mzia Tamarashvili
Clear Ideas – Levan Geliashvili
Georgian Chorus Society Regional Branch of Ajara – Salome Tsetskhladze
For Rights and Education – Ketevan Berdzenishvili
International Foundation “Lea” – Marine Solomonishvili
Multinational Georgia Newspaper – Mikheil Aidinov

23 December, Tbilisi – Project Presentation and Memorandum Signing Ceremony

Valerian Gunia Union of Young Theatre Artists (YTA Union), in cooperation with Europe House, with financial support from the UNESCO 2014-2015 Participation Programme, implemented the project entitled “Diverse Georgia – Civil Society Platform for Cultural Diversity. Elaboration of a Package of the Non-Governmental Sector Recommendations Concerning the Implementation of the Convention for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.”

The project contributed to the promotion of UNESCO Convention for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005) and disseminated information about the obligations and responsibilities that Georgia undertook by ratifying it.
Between April and October, 11 interdisciplinary meetings were held within the framework of the project (including round tables and focus groups), five of these meetings were held in Tbilisi (Europe House) and six – in the regions (Telavi, Kutaisi, Akhaltsikhe, Batumi, Zugdidi and Poti).
Culturological and sociological research was conducted, focusing on identifying the needs of cultural policy in the context of the Convention implementation and elaborating a package of relevant, concrete and feasible recommendations.

As a result of meetings and discussions, recommendations and a database were developed to contribute to the implementation of the Convention. The document with the recommendations was sent to the relevant institutions within the legislative and executive branch as well as to the non-governmental organizations.
The package of recommendations is an important contribution of the non-governmental organizations working in cultural sphere to the report that Georgia is required to submit to UNESCO in 2006; it is also important for the cultural strategy “Culture 2025” which is being developed by the Georgian Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection and for understanding and implementing the culture segment of the Association Agreement.

To ensure the implementation of the recommendations and successful cooperation in the future, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection and a group of non-governmental organizations.
The project presentation and the ceremony of signing the Memorandum took place at 18.00 on 23 December at Europe House.

Poti, 10 October 2015 (Meeting 11)

The Project’s 11th working meeting was held in Poti on 10 October 2015 and covered the following topics:
– Exercising the right to equal participation in cultural processes and benefiting from the results
– Economic use of cultural aspects for urban development
– Conditions of and for artists
– The importance of culture for social cohesion

Nino Gunia-Kuznetsova presented the project and the 2005 Paris Convention to the participants, who represented the Poti Municipality’s Education, Culture and Monument Protection Service, Municipal Non-Commercial (Non-Profit) Legal Persons and the non-governmental sector, including members of fine arts organizations. The presentation was followed by a discussion.

Meeting participants discussed the role and importance of culture for the development of society and the important role of constructive criticism of cultural processes, and how to encourage artists. Several felt that access to resources in the cultural sphere is not equal. This inequality hampers the creative expression of local artists. The status of “independent artist” should be created and individual expression facilitated.

It was noted that, despite stable jobs in cultural institutions, infrastructures must be improved, for example, a new building is needed for the art gallery, book collections need renewing in the library, etc. Fundraising tools should be diversified in view of developing cultural products and services. It is crucial to improve communications between cultural institutions so that exchanges are possible.

Participants drew attention to the problems in the city’s cultural life and specifically the need for cooperation between educational and cultural institutions, improving the distribution system for theater tickets, and attracting the public. Main challenges included low attendance at puppet theater productions, distributing tickets in schools and kindergartens, and difficulties staging off-site shows. It is urgent that professional studies in art education be restored, and that the music college function fulltime. Musical instruments need to be renewed. Participants pointed out that a regional centralized arts and culture management system should be re-established.

Employees working in the cultural fields today are from older generations, while younger generations appear to lack motivation and professional qualifications. There is a shortage of human resources especially in such areas as art pedagogy, music teaching and more specialized professions such as puppet-making.

The issues of the cultural and social cohesion was raised. In this context, participants noted the difficulty of integration for IDPs because of their isolation, caused in part by compact settlements where they were placed.

A lively debate addressed the issue of priorities in the cultural sphere. The existing relations between the city and the port and an ongoing neglect of local needs were identified as key problems for creating priorities. Unemployment, low incomes and the lack of benefits for those employed in the cultural spheres cause younger people to leave these professions and the region.

The need for artists to be mobile, to get better training and qualifications, and to develop a culture of volunteerism was also discussed.

Monitoring and quality assurance require a qualified, expert approach. Participants considered that quality assurance is a must, and that external control mechanisms should be developed that include project planning. They also recommended that municipal resources be increased by donations from the private sector. To facilitate this, a legal framework needs to be elaborated that includes legislation on donations, philanthropy and tax deductions.

Tbilisi, 8 October 2015 (Meeting 10)

The project’s tenth working meeting was held at Europe House Georgia (Tbilisi) on 8 October 2015 and covered the following topics:
– Issues of state cultural policy based on the sovereignty principle
– The environment most conducive for implementing the Convention
– The role of media in the development of cultural spheres

Nino Gunia-Kuznetsova presented the project and the 2005 Paris Convention to the participants, who were experts in a variety of cultural spheres– sociologists, journalists and staff from state bodies such as the Tbilisi State Conservatory and the national Ministry of Reconciliation and Civic Equality. The presentation was followed by a discussion.

Participants expressed great interest in the development of the Cultural Strategy currently being developed by the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection of Georgia. They discussed the implementation of the Paris Convention and the potential for tangible results, especially the significance of including the Convention principles and goals into the national Cultural Strategy.

Points raised included how implementation of the Convention can be monitored if the state has not yet developed an implementation plan. The tools to ensure implementation must be clarified in order to fulfill the obligations of its signatories. Related issues included how Georgia can benefit optimally from preferential treatment for developing counties, as declared by the Convention, and the best way to request favorable treatment from developed countries. Is it even possible to benefit from the Convention yet–are state bodies and the Georgian public ready for it?

The lack of a budget of the national Strategy and Action Plan was also identified as a difficulty, according to the participants. It is difficult to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of a cultural policy when its budget is not known. The same holds true for implementing the Convention, as it does not have funding—since it was signed into force in 2008, there have never been funds budgeted to implement it. Some participants pointed out that in this context the conditions for monitoring the Convention are not met. A partial solution would be to create a coalition to develop a monitoring action plan. This would include monitoring the Culture section of the Association Agreement signed between Georgia and the European Union.

The coverage of culture by the media has not improved over the last two decades, according to some of those present, and there is still no TV channel or a print media outlet dedicated to culture. The educational environment necessary for becoming a professional cultural journalist is still lacking, and no stable institutional development of this profession is funded by the state or facilitated in any way.

Institutional and organizational difficulties prevail in the sphere of education. Issues raised included specific and negative changes resulting from insufficient cooperation between government structures, such as the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection and the Ministry of Education and Science. These continue to cause unnecessary difficulties in arts education. The participants agreed that particular attention is needed to promote education in the arts, and that the Ministry of Culture and professionals in the field should make greater efforts to cooperate with the Ministry of Education when developing qualifications frameworks, standards or curricula. It is necessary to harmonize the cultural professions to comply with international standards, especially for interdisciplinary areas such as cultural management, art history, etc.

In conclusion, participants recognized the need to conduct interdisciplinary research on the cultural needs of ethnic minorities, IDPs and refugees living in Georgia, and to address their needs for intercultural education. Staff members of the state Ministry of Reconciliation and Civic Equality pointed out that–despite the absence of systematic research–there are some advisory documents available that address some of these concerns. The issues of endangered languages in Georgia, including Abkhazian and Ubykh as well as Chechen, were also discussed in this context.